題目：Application of Combustion Chemistry to Industrial Safety and Pollutant Formation
報告人：Assoc. Prof. Rémy Mével（清華大學）
Rémy Mével is an associate professor at the Center for Combustion Energy and School of Vehicle and Mobility at Tsinghua university. He obtained his B.S. (2004), M.S. (2006), Ph.D. (2009), and HDR (2015) from the University of Orléans in France. He has been an adjunct professor at the University of Orléans in 2009-2010, and a postdoctoral scholar and a research scientist at the California Institute of Technology from 2010 to 2017. Professor Mével’s research focuses on chemical kinetics, laser diagnostics, and spectroscopy with application to industrial safety through the determination of fundamental combustion parameters and the study of detonation waves' structure and dynamics. He has co-authored more than 40 journal articles and has been awarded the Gérard de Soete Prize in 2010 and the J.H.S. Lee Young Investigator award in 2013 as a recognition of the quality of his work. In 2017, he was selected as a 1000 Young Talents of China.
Because of the limited reserves of fossil fuels and their detrimental effects on air quality and the Earth's climate, there is a strong demand for improving the efficiency and reducing pollutant emissions of combustion processes. To help transition toward a more sustainable economy, research in combustion must focus on alternative fuels and new technologies. A key aspect in promoting their acceptability and wide spread use is to ensure safety, low emission, and minimize the risk of accidental explosions.
Combustion phenomena are complex and require a detailed knowledge and understanding of heat transfer, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, chemistry, and their interactions. This lecture will illustrate the importance of chemical kinetics in understanding accidental combustion events and toxic pollutant formation. Four representative topics will be presented to emphasize the need for an accurate description of the chemical dynamics of combustion phenomena in the framework of risk assessment. These topics are relevant to aircraft and nano-material production safety and to pollutant formation during the combustion of biofuels.